Uniform of the Pontifical Swiss Guards
Probably the most famous uniform in the entire world, the so-called “Gala Uniform”, owes it popularity largely to the design of commander Jules Repond (1910-1921). The famous colours of blue, red and yellow are the traditional colours of the Medici family. The blue and yellow cloth stripes interrupt in a flowing movement the red vest and pants. At the beginning of the 20th century, after much research and in accordance with the frescoes of Raphael, the hats were replaced with the Basque cap still worn today, on which the rank insignia can be seen. Furthermore, the white collar was introduced to replace the folded collar.
The so-called “Exerzieruniform”, the uniform worn for training and during night duties, is entirely blue. At the entrance to St. Anne's the same uniform is also worn during the week for practical reasons, because of its location on the main road. These uniforms are worn with a white collar and white cuffs.
In winter and when it rains, a jacket is worn to protect the uniform from the elements.
At Easter, Christmas and at the swearing-in ceremonies an additional 17th century armour complements the Gala uniform. This includes the striking white collar, the white gloves and a silver helmet with a red feather for the halberdiers, a dark purple feather for the officers and a white feather for the commander and the sergeant. On both sides of the silver helmet a relief of the founder’s Pope Julius II “della Rovere” family oak is depicted.
The drummers wear a yellow-black uniform with a black helmet and yellow-black feathers during their performances.